Biography The early years. These buildings are extremely beautiful and soft. Eventually, Shah Jahan's sons managed to console him and the emperor decided to build Mumtaz Mahal the most incredible mausoleum the world had ever seen. The tomb, which was built in the 1560s, was designed by a Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas. It is said that many European travelers would visit his empire just to learn the different techniques used in the construction of buildings. Shah Jahan's painting albums were well known for their floral margins, which were extraordinary as well as botanically accurate but their subject matter was narrower in range. The mausoleum of Humayun in Delhi heralded the new movement. Contribution to Mughal Architecture Shah Jahan was an avid builder and is responsible for building some of the most beautiful edifices in present day India and Pakistan. Shah Jahan and architecture: Shah Jahan’s period is usually called the ‘Golden Age of Mughal Architecture’ and he is given the titles of ‘Prince among the Builders’ and ‘Engineer King’. The result would be the Taj Mahal. Taj Mahal: The greatest contribution of Shah Jahan in Indian architectural history is the Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.He built this world's most beautiful monument in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal after her death. mughal art & architecture 2. introduction major mughal contribution to the indian subcontinent was their unique architecture. Building The emperor’s love for architecture is legendary; some of the nation’s most well-known architectural and artistic accomplishments were undertaken during his reign. He spent 32 crore rupees and 20,000 workers worked for 22 years (1631 AD - 1653 AD) to complete the wonderful architecture. Famed for aesthetics, Shah Jahan was a patron of arts. The Mughal architectural style began as a definite movement under Akbar. In architecture the first great Mughal monument was the mausoleum to Humayun, erected during the reign of Akbar (1556–1605). Mughal Empire:Contribution in Arts and Architecture. In spirit the structure of Humayun’s tomb stands as an example of syn­thesis of two great building traditions of Asia, namely the Persian and (he Indian; and the full efflorescence of Mughal architecture depended on this happy synthesis. A symbol of love and beauty, it is a great contribution to Indian architecture. Shah Jahan's famous TAJ MAHAL is a beauty to behold, one of the wonders of the world, it has increased Indian tourism greatly. Shah Jahan is the 5th Mughal emperor, coming after Bâbur, Humâyûn, Akbar, and Jahângîr, his father.His mother was Princess Nûr Jahân, a woman who had taken power over her husband during the last years of his reign, at a time when he had fallen into the grip of drugs. Essay subjects range from parsing the dynamics of loyalty and the rebellion that resulted in Shah Jahan’s accession, to teasing out the politics embedded in court rituals, and from analyzing his artistic and architectural legacies to examining the effective use of art and architecture for political ends. During his reign the Mughal Empire was a rich center of arts, crafts and architecture. The vision of Shah Jahan (1628—1658) introduced a delicate elegance and detail to Mughal architecture, illustrated in the Jama Masjid in Delhi, the Moti Masjid situated within the Agra Fort, and the Sheesh Mahal in the Lahore Fort, which makes spectacular use of pietra dura and complex mirror work. The art of Mughal painting flourished with the … His most important and impressive buildings are the Taj Mahal, Red Fort and Jama Masjid. Most of the paintings were formal single portraits. many monuments were built by the muslim emperors, especially shah jahan, during the mughal era. 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