The entry shown below assumes the inventory account was updated with adjusting entries and, therefore, does not include it. Inventory adjustment / COGS expense question. To apply expenses (freight, handling, etc.) For example, a service providing company may receive service fee from its clients for more … Inventory Adjustments can be used to modify the value and/or quantity of stock in your business. Summary The perpetual inventory method has ONE additional adjusting entry at the end of the period. The closing inventory is thus a deduction (credit) in the statement of profit or loss, and a current asset (debit) in the statement of financial position. For example, if you have just discovered that you need to change the quantity of items on hand, then this is a possible method you can explore. Notice how the ending inventory balance equals physical inventory of $31,000 (unadjusted balance $24,000 + net purchases $166,000 – cost of goods sold $159,000). tschaj over 3 years ago. The ledger account behind the adjustment … to the inventory item, follow the 2 steps below: Adjust Inventory Go to Inventory > Adjust Inventory; Enter the Item Number and Location (if used) Leave Quantity and Unit Cost blank; Enter the amount of the Expense in the Amount field When you perform an inventory adjustment, Saasu takes care of the accounting… Read More »Inventory Adjustments Expense Account Entered: Inventory: Default can be set on Warehouse: Receipts: Inventory: Accrued Purchase Receipts: With or without a Purchase Order: Landed Cost: Inventory: Accrued Landed Cost : Adjustment/Count: Inventory Adjustment Account: Inventory : Depends on positive or negative amounts: Balance Adjustment: Gain/Loss Account: Inventory The cost of sales consists of opening inventory plus purchases, minus closing inventory. There are also two special situations that arise periodically, which are adjustments for obsolete inventory and for the lower of cost or market rule. Adjustments to increase inventory involve a debit to Inventory and a credit to an account that relates to the reason for the adjustment. The journal entry to decrease inventory balance is to credit Inventory and debit an expense, such as Loss for Decline in Market Value account. For positive adjustments, the debits and credits are reversed. Costs Recognized as Expenses. After the season I started with the bookkeeping part. When you enter a negative quantity adjustment, the inventory asset account (shown on the Edit Item window) for the item you are adjusting is credited (i. e., decreased), and the expense account that you entered as the adjustment account is debited (i. e., increased). In 2015, I bought my ingredients, produced my food and sold it. The purpose of adjusting entries: According to accrual concept of accounting, revenue is recognized in the period in which it is earned and expenses are recognized in the period in which they are incurred.Some business transactions affect the revenue and expenses of more than one accounting period. Recording lower inventory in the accounting records reduces the closing stock, effectively increasing the COGS. Hi Folks, I am running a small, seasonal food business (6 weeks only), probably best described with a farmer's market setup. Under both IFRS and US GAAP, the costs that are excluded from inventory include: abnormal costs that are incurred as a result of material waste, labor or other production conversion inputs, storage costs (unless required as part of the production process), and all administrative overhead and selling costs.